Human Care and Development of Substitutes for Animals in Research Act hearing before the Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, Ninety-seventh Congress, second session, on H.R. 6245, May 4, 1982. by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology.

Cover of: Human Care and Development of Substitutes for Animals in Research Act | United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology.

Published by U.S. G.P.O. in Washington .

Written in English

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  • Laboratory animals -- United States.,
  • Animal experimentation -- United States.,
  • Medicine -- Research -- United States.

Book details

The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 64 p. :
Number of Pages64
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17799443M

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Humane Care and Development of Substitutes for Animals in Research Act - Title I: Development of Improved Research and Testing Methods - Authorizes the Secretary of Health and Human Services to make awards to sponsor research and development of scientific testing methods which eliminate the use of live animals, reduce the number of live animals.

FUNDAMENTAL AND APPLIED TOXICOLOGY 4, () Current Legislation for Development of Substitutes for Animals in Research' CAROL F. RODGERSZ Subcommittee on Science, Research, and Technology, House Committee on Science and Technology, Room Rayburn Building, House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

Current Legislation for Development of Substitutes for Cited by: 1. Guide to the Care and Use of Animals in Research and Teaching (Version 1) Faculty of Health Sciences These experiments include studies on the biology and ecology of animals for non-human purposes, often for conservation. Research is also done in the agricultural production drug and vaccine development and testing, and toxicity testing.

Definition: “Alternatives” or “Substitutes” is defined as anything from absolute to partial replacement of live animals in biomedical research and testing[].The use of animals in biomedical research are adjuncts, aids, shortcuts, or supplements which help an investigator to decide whether an experiment on an animal is likely to produce a useful result[].


Much current research follows Charles Darwin's (; see also Ekman ) lead, set forth in his book The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Darwin argued that there is continuity between the emotional lives of humans and those of other animals, and that the differences among many animals are in degree rather than in by: Animals for Research Act (Ontario) (current to 15 September ) Note Re Application of the Animals for Research Act ('ARA') The Animals for Research Act ('ARA') does not, by virtue of it's definition of 'animal' alone ("a live, non-human vertebrate") [ARA 1(1)], restrict it's application to.

OTA Project Staff Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education Roger C. Herdman,Assistant Director, OTA Health and Life Sciences Division Gretchen S.

Kolsrud,Biological Applications Program Manager Gary B. Ellis, Project Directorand Analyst Judy K. Kosovich, Principal Analyst Lisa J.

Raines, Legal Analyst Timothy J. Hart, ProjectDirector l. Office of the Senior Vice Provost for Research, Economic Engagement and Outreach Thompson Hall, Main St.

Durham, NH Phone: () [FN] Subsequently, H.R. the Humane Care and Development of Substitutes for Animals in Research Act[FN] was sponsored and introduced by eight members of the House Committee on Science and Technology in an attempt to formulate a compromise bill.[FN] This compromise bill, which was favorably Human Care and Development of Substitutes for Animals in Research Act book from committee, [FN] would.

The University of Kansas recognizes that scientific and medical knowledge developed through animal research has alleviated pain and suffering, improved human and animal health, and saved countless lives.

The University supports the judicious use of animals in research, education, and testing in the interests of human health and animal welfare.

Testing involves the use of animals, primarily rats and mice, to assess the safety or effectiveness of consumer products such as drugs, chemicals, and cosmetics. Many researchers are now searching for ways to further reduce the use of animals in testing, and these efforts could reduce the need for animals in research as well.

Substitute of Animals in Drug Research: An Approach Towards Fulfillment of 4R's are called 'Alternatives' or 'Substitutes' for use of animals in research involving drugs. and human care of. Although with good intentions, some treat animals as if they are part human. Katz () in his book The New Work of Dogs warns readers that pet owners use dogs to fill emotional gaps in their lives.

He warns that dog owners have created exceedingly high expectations for emotional support they expect from their pets—forgetting that animals Cited by: For example, human-animal interactions are discussed during the course in terms of their impact on human health and psychological well-being [17] (human health), the potential proliferation of Author: Harold Herzog.

With an estimated million animals used in laboratories annually in the United States, public interest in animal welfare has sparked an often emotional debate over such uses of animals.

Concerns focus on balancing societal needs for continued progress in biomedical and behavioral research, for toxicity testing to safeguard the public, and for education in the life sciences with desires to. The Animals for Research Act regulates animal research and animal supply facility operators and operations.

To prevent animals from suffering unnecessary pain, the Act mandates the administration of anesthetics to animals in experiments that are likely to result in pain, as well as the administration of analgesics during recovery.

7 Core Principles for the Care and Use of Animals in Research. In this session, government, industry, and other animal research regulation stakeholders discussed the feasibility of developing core principles governing the use of animals in research (key points and overlapping core principles are summarized at the end of the chapter in Box ).To start the discussion, Richard Nakamura, session.

publishes guidelines on the general care and use of animals in science, as well as on issues of current and emerg - ing ethical concern ().

The CCAC guidelines on: the care and use of farm animals in research, teaching and testing is the eighth of this series. This document replaces Chapter IV—Farm Animal Facilities andFile Size: 2MB. Artificial blood is a product made to act as a substitute for red blood cells.

While true blood serves many different functions, artificial blood is designed for the sole purpose of transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide throughout the body.

Depending on the type of artificial blood, it can be. Office of Animal Care and Use (OACU) An NIH site offering many useful policies and guidelines related to the humane use of animals in research. Animal Welfare Act Animal Welfare Act and Regulations, at the Animal Welfare Information Center, USDA.

US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Regulations. ORIP plays a vital role in the area of NIH-funded animal model research by supporting specialized animal research facilities and the development of animal models of human diseases.

In particular, through its G20 Program, ORIP provides grants for modernization of animal research facilities to directly benefit the welfare of research animals and. Page revised: August Purpose - The purpose of the Animal Research Act is to protect the welfare of animals used in connection with research.

The Act incorporates a system of enforced self-regulation, with community participation at the institutional and regulatory levels.

For research that involves human subjects but does not involve one of the six categories of research that are exempt under 45 CFR P the committee will evaluate the justification for involvement of human subjects and the proposed protections from research risk relating to their participation according to the following five review criteria.

Under U.S. law and policies, scientists must consider alternative methods before using animals for toxicology research and testing. The Animal Welfare Act requires that committees in facilities conducting animal research and testing approve proposed animal use and ensure that alternatives are used where appropriate.; The Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory.

Research involving animals has been a corner-stone of medical progress for more than two cen-turies. For much of that time, it has also met with moral objections because of the suffering it can cause the animals. Though animal welfare laws in the United States and abroad have reduced the number of animals used in biomedical research and amelio.

Regulatory Requirements The Institutional Official Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) The Attending Veterinarian Regulatory Requirements Research with animals is guided by a complex set of federal and state laws, regulations, and guidelines, and by additional institutional policies implemented to systematically address federal requirements and as the result of a voluntary.

U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training The development of knowledge necessary for the improvement of the health and well-being of humans as well as other animals requires in vivo experimentation with a wide variety of animal Size: 33KB.

Animals Don't Laugh, Think, Get Depressed, or Love Declares a Psychiatrist of this essay had written a book called by clear affection and attachment that we call love in human animals.

The transportation, care, and use of animals should be in compliance with the Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. et seq.) and other applicable federal laws, guidelines, and policies.

Procedures involving animals should be designed and performed with due consideration of their relevance to human or animal health, the advancement of knowledge, or. The use of animals in research and testing in the UK is regulated by the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Actwhich sets out how animal experiments must be licensed and regulated.

Within this, the Code of Practice currently allows laboratory rats to be housed in cages that are 20 cm high, even though adults can rear up to 30 cm. Animals and Human Society provides a solid, scientific, research-based background to advance understanding of how animals impact a resource for both science and non-science majors (including students planning to major in or studying animal science, pre-veterinary medicine, animal behavior, conservation biology, ecotoxicology, epidemiology and evolutionary biology), the book.

AAP Prose Award Finalist / Management of Animal Care and Use Programs in Research, Education, and Testing, Second Edition is the extensively expanded revision of the popular Management of Laboratory Animal Care and Use Programs book published earlier this century.

Following in the footsteps of the first edition, this revision serves as a first line management resource, providing for Brand: Robert H. Weichbrod. There are also scientists and specialty fields of research that conduct studies to identify the best practices to house and care for animals.

Animal care technicians, specialized veterinarians and scientists are all dedicated to the welfare of the animals in their care. These animals are treated with compassion and respect by the professionals. The Nation’s source for the latest news, policies, education, training, and information on animals in research.

This is an exciting time for medical research. Every day, NIH-funded scientists make advances that will lead to safe and useful drugs, therapies, and cures.

These advances are due to many different kinds of research, from the. The Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals Act of (ISLAA) and later amendments to the AWA The amendments to the AWA, passed by Congress as the ISLAA, were the most significant addition to the statute from the perspective of animals used in research settings and laboratories.

(Lee, ; Dukes ). Studying animals is still the only scientifically viable way to get some of the knowledge we need to improve human health, and indeed the health of other animals that benefit from veterinary care. VA allows research with animals only if it is scientifically necessary and if.

A researcher calls for animal-human embryo research to proceed – but only with strong animal protections in place. So-called "chimera" research raises the hope of. The use of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in biomedical research has led to numerous medical advances, including the development of a vaccine for hepatitis Bchimpanzees were thought to constitute the critical model for understanding the human immunodeficiency virus, and a breeding program was established to provide animals for the study of this virus.

Guidelines to the Care and Use of Research Animals AAALAC - American Association for the Accreditation of Lab Animal Care Adoption of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals: Eighth Edition (Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare, National Institutes of Health; Janu ).

(a) "Depiction of animal cruelty" means any visual or auditory depiction, including any photograph, motion-picture film, video recording, electronic image, or sound recording, that would constitute a violation of Section,or of the Humane Care for Animals Act or Section or of the Criminal Code of or the.Questions about artificial sweeteners and cancer arose when early studies showed that cyclamate in combination with saccharin caused bladder cancer in laboratory animals.

However, results from subsequent carcinogenicity studies (studies that examine whether a substance can cause cancer) of these sweeteners have not provided clear evidence of an association with cancer in humans.(3) The operator of a research facility shall, prior to conducting any research project in which animals are to be used, file, or cause to be filed, with the animal care committee a research project proposal setting forth the nature of all procedures to be used in connection with such animals, the number and type of animals to be used and the.

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